Photo credit: Joe Getty , 03/1985

Property Name: Springfield Presbyterian Church
Date Listed: 7/31/1986
Inventory No.: CARR-269
Location: 7300, Spout Hill Road, Sykesville, Carroll County

Description: The Springfield Presbyterian Church was built in 1836 and stands as an outstanding example of rural ecclesiastical architecture reflecting Classical influence. The three story structure is constructed of uncoursed rubble stone covered in stucco. It has a gable front main fa├žade that is three bays wide with the main entrance in the center bay of the second story. A stairway with granite block steps leads up to the entrance which has Classical influenced ornamentation of paneled double doors, paneled door surround, and plain pilasters and entablature. The center bay of the third story has a 10/10 sash window with sidelights. The outer bays of the second and third stories have 10/10 sash windows. In the gable is a circular datestone. The first story on the front and sides have 1/1 sash windows. The second story on the sides has 10/10 sash windows in each of the four bays while the third story is unfenestrated. The broad gable roof is supported by a king-post truss and has a boxed cornice that returns at the corners. The interior of the church has a Sunday-school room on the first floor. The second story contains a vestibule and nave with a railed chancel in the front and a gallery in the rear. At the southeast corner of the structure is a one-story brick wing built in the 1960s.

Significance: The Springfield Presbyterian Church is a significant landmark of community history and religion in Sykesville. The structure served as the area's first school as well as the building of worship for the Presbyterian congregation. The church has had a number of influential Marylanders associated with it including George Patterson, renown for his agricultural experimentation at his estate "Springfield," who donated the land for the church, and Frank Brown, past Governor of Maryland. The church is also one of the best examples of the rural interpretation of early 19th century Classicism in Carroll County. Despite its widespread popularity, this style was not employed widely in the county; its influence is most apparent in major public buildings such as Springfield Presbyterian Church and the County Courthouse.