Photo credit: Peter E. Kurtze , 09/1985

Property Name: Indian Range
Date Listed: 2/13/1986
Inventory No.: AA-200
Location: 1012, Mount Airy Road, Davidsonville, Anne Arundel County

Description: Indian Range is a mid-19th century, 2 1/2-story frame hip-roofed "villa" with board-and-batten siding, steeply pitched cross gables, and tall, chamfered chimneys. The house's symmetrical 3-bay front faces south, overlooking the rolling countryside, and is dominated by three cross gables, the center being larger than the others. The center bay of the facade projects about 10' from the main wall of the house, forming a tower. A wide, one-story open veranda, supported by thin, chamfered columns, surrounds the three sides of this projecting tower. The front entrance, in the center bay, has an ornately molded, double door topped by a four-pane transom. On the west side of the house is a one-story, semi-octagonal bay window. The east side of the house extends back, forming a rear wing and connecting at right angles with a 1 1/2-story service wing, which has a large exterior chimney. There are two interior chimneys in the front part of the house and one in the ell. Each chimney extends above the roof in a double, chamfered stack. All of the windows in the house are the casement type, with large panes of glass. Most have 6 lights, although the window in the central cross gable has 4 panes. The openings onto the veranda are French doors. There is a full basement; the foundations are rough-cut granite. The interior also retains a vast majority of its original decorative detailing, including a highly ornate stair, plaster cornice moldings and ceiling medallions, and marble mantels.

Significance: Indian Range is significant for its architecture, as a well-preserved example of a large Gothic country villa in the manner of A.J. Downing or A.J. Davis. This style of house became extremely popular after designs and plans were published by Davis and Downing in the 1840s and 50s. Indian Range embodies the distinctive multi-gabled roof and grouped chimneys, casement windows, board-and-batten siding, and broad veranda; in addition, the large center gable was decorated with a Gothic vergeboard which was removed for restoration at the time of nomination. Although this style became widespread across the country in the mid 19th century, very few examples survive in Maryland. Indian Range is especially distinguished for its size and complexity, elaborate interior, and high degree of integrity.




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