Photo credit: Orlando Ridout V , 05/1978

Property Name: Hawkins Pharsalia
Date Listed: 12/20/1984
Inventory No.: QA-92
Location: Ruthsburg Bridgetown Road (MD 304), Centreville, Queen Annes County

Description: Hawkins Pharsalia is a 1 1/2 story, three bay, single-pile gambrel-roofed dwelling constructed c. 1820-1840. The house is constructed of brick laid in five-course bond, with corbeled cornice. The principal facade faces north, with the entrance located in the center bay, flanked on either side by a 9/6 window. Three shed-roofed dormers with 6/6 sash are symmetrically arrayed across the facade, and a brick chimney is centered on each end. The rear facade is similar to the front, but the fenestration is not quite symmetrical. The interior is laid out in a center passage plan with parlor to the west and dining room to the east. The open-string stair rises from the north end of the hall along the west wall, and features square balusters and square newels with pyramidal caps. The rooms on both floors retain the majority of their original late Federal woodwork, including mantels, cupboard, architraves, chairrail, and baseboard; the second-floor rooms have batten doors. A two-story frame addition was constructed against the east gable c. 1900. A brick smokehouse, contemporaneous with the original dwelling, lies to the rear; it has a corbeled cornice and retains its original batten door, with wrought iron hasp and strap hinges and a large wooden box lock.

Significance: Hawkins Pharsalia, is significant for its architecture, as a well-preserved example of a type of dwelling which characterized rural Queen Anne's County in the second quarter of the 19th century. Its modest size and gambrel roof form are characteristic of the type. Hawkins Pharsalia is distinguished among perhaps 50 surviving examples by its center-passage plan, brick construction, and the quality of its workmanship; these uncommonly refined features reflect the upper-middle-class status of its owner. The house is further distinguished by its near-pristine condition, retaining a wealth of decorative detailing intact. A brick smokehouse, contemporaneous with the dwelling remains in good repair and adds to the significance of the property.




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