Photo credit: Donna Ware , 03/1984

Property Name: Abbington Farm
Date Listed: 9/13/1984
Inventory No.: AA-174
Location: 1761, Severn Chapel Road, Millersville, Anne Arundel County

Description: Abbington Farm, historically known as "Abington," is a frame, side-passage, double-pile house with additions on both gable ends. Facing north, the 2 1/2-story main block is flanked by 1 1/2-story wings of similar proportions extending to the east and west. The main block dates from c. 1840, while two bays of the west wing which abut the main block are said to be an earlier dwelling. Three additional bays were added to the west end of this section sometime in the late 19th century. The east wing was added in 1974 to balance and complement the west wing. The house rests on a stone foundation and is covered predominantly with weatherboard siding. German siding covers the first-story facade under the porch and the facade of the west wing. There are pairs of gable-roofed dormers on both sides of the roof. A one-story hip-roofed porch runs across most of the facade of the dwelling, supported by simple tapered square posts. A triangular pediment breaks the porch roofline marking the entrance to the main block. Two interior gable end chimneys are located at the east end of the main block. The earlier portion of the west wing is marked by an interior chimney which has been raised to give it more height. Another interior gable end chimney marks the west end of the west wing. Enclosed shed-roofed additions have been made to the rear of each section. Windows are predominantly 6/6 sash. Large 32-pane floor-to-ceiling casement windows have been added on the facade in the first story of the main block and in two bays of both the west and east wings. The principal entrance is located at the west end of the main block. A wide 6-panel wooden door opens into the side passage which contains the stair. It is located at the rear of the passage and rises to the second story against the west wall. A single room, originally partitioned into two, opens off the side passage on the first floor. The two mantels in this room date from the mid 19th century. To the rear, south of the main dwelling, are situated several outbuildings, including a frame summer kitchen; a stone and frame icehouse; a frame, brick, and stone springhouse/dairy; a frame privy, chicken house, tool shed, and corncrib; a large, elaborate frame stable; and a frame tenant house.

Significance: Abbington Farm is significant architecturally as a collection of farm buildings, spanning the 19th and early 20th centuries. Of special note is the survival of such a large variety of outbuildings. Historically, Abbington Farm is important for its association with the Gaithers, Ridouts, and Woodwards, all prominent Anne Arundel County families in the settlement and development of the county.




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