Orlando Ridout V
Stevensville Queenstown Road (MD 18), Centreville, Queen Annes County
Bachelor's Hope, constructed between 1798 and 1815, is a five-bay, 1 1/2 story house with brick gable ends and frame sides. It is two rooms deep, with double fireplaces in each gable wall feeding into a single chimney centered on the gable. Both the brick gable ends and the high brick foundation are laid in five-course common bond. The principal facade faces south, toward the old Queenstown Road. The entrance is located in the central bay, with unusual 2/2 sidelights flanking the door. The remainder of the facade is symmetrically arranged, with two 9/6 sash windows on either side of the door on the first floor and three gable-roofed dormers with 6/6 sash above. A modern porch spans the three central bays. The rear (north) facade is similar to the front, with a paneled door without sidelights in the center bay flanked by a pair of 6/6 sash windows on each side. Three gable-roofed 6/6 sash dormers are arrayed symmetrically above. The interior is laid out in an unusual variation of the central hall Georgian plan in which all the rooms are of different sizes. Each of the two front rooms is heated by a fireplace centered on the gable wall. The fireplace in the southeast room retains an early-19th century mantel, as well as a fine interior cornice, all original baseboard and chairrail, and raised paneling in the recesses below the south windows. Baseboard and chairrail, as well as paneled window recesses, remain in the southeast room as well. The northwest room is relatively plain, with late-19th century mantel and window trim; the northeast room has been modernized and serves as a kitchen. An enclosed winder stair adjoining the hall to the rear gives access to the second floor, which retains virtually all the original trim including window and door architraves, fireplace surrounds, and raised panel doors.
Bachelor's Hope is significant for its architecture, combining several unusual features in what is probably a unique house form on the central Eastern Shore of Maryland. The house is constructed with brick gable ends and frame sides; few examples of this technology survive. The double pile floor plan is rarely seen in a 1 1/2 story dwelling; in addition the house exhibits a highly unusual variation of the central hall plan, in which all the rooms are of different sizes. The combination of all these unusual architectural features makes Bachelor's Hope a highly significant structure. Although some alterations have been made to the first floor, the original plan is still clearly delineated, and much of the early fabric remains intact. Of particular note are a handsome Federal mantel, original interior cornice, and paneled window recesses. Also surviving is the original horizontal beaded wainscoting in the northwest room and the rear hall on the first floor, and all of the original woodwork on the second floor, including doors and mantels.