Heath Farm Camp Archeological Site
The Heath Farm Camp II site lies on the floodplain of the Big Elk Creek, south of I-95. It consists of a surface scatter of artifacts across the stream terrace. The lithic material at the site includes secondary biface rejects and discards, finished bifaces, flake tools, and a large amount of jasper debitage. The presence of varied tool types and secondary biface reduction activities suggests the presence of a base camp associated with the nearby Heath Farm Jasper Quarry site. The diagnostic artifacts from the site are few and include Middle and Late Archaic projectile points. Some preliminary subsurface testing indicates that some materials may be buried intact below the plowzone and may date to earlier time periods.
This site contains remains, some of which are intact and preserved in situ, that show the final phases of stone tool production and living area activities for groups visiting and using the nearby Heath Farm Jasper Quarry site. The chance that earlier buried materials exist enhances the site's significance. The sites listed in the Delaware Chalcedony Complex Thematic Group contain artifacts indicative of the entire series of tool production activities for the prehistoric inhabitants of the Upper Delmarva Peninsula region. For most prehistoric groups of this region stone tools were the basis of their food procurement and processing activities and the manufacture of these tools was a critical activity in their lives. Therefore, the sites in this particular group provide an opportunity to study an important activity of prehistoric groups that should shed considerable light on their adaptations and lifeways. The significance of the sites in this group is underscored by the fact that the cryptocrystalline outcrops of the Delaware Chalcedony Complex are unique to the Upper Delmarva Peninsula. Each site represents one or more spatially separated stages in the sequence of lithic procurement and utilization. Therefore, the sites must be considered collectively, within the context of the group, in order to illustrate the entire process.