3850, Chapel Road, Churchville, Harford County
Chestnut Ridge is a c. 1810 two-story brick dwelling with an earlier frame wing located near Aberdeen. The house is three bays wide and one room deep, with a center-hall plan. The principal (south) façade is laid in Flemish bond, and features a central entrance with a six-panel door surmounted by a 4-light transom and flanked on either side by a 6/9 sash window in a flat-arched opening. A one-story porch spans this façade; with turned columns and scrollwork brackets, this porch represents an addition made in the third quarter of the 19th century. The second story is lighted by three evenly-spaced 6/9 windows. The gable ends are laid in common bond. The east wall has a basement entrance and two four-light attic windows. A three-course corbeled cornice defines the roofline. The west end shows evidence of alteration to its fenestration, and is currently pierced by a 6/9 window on both stories, offset to the left, and French doors on the right. Both gables have an interior chimney. A 1 1/2-story frame wing extends from the northwest corner. This section, two bays wide by one bay deep with a central chimney, predates the brick section. The house retains considerable integrity and is noteworthy for its vernacular Federal woodwork which remains substantially intact, and for the Greek Revival trim in the east parlor which reflects an early renovation. The house is currently undergoing restoration. Also on the property is a stone springhouse which is being restored. The site of an 18th century mill, and a marker from the original survey of the tract, also survive on the property.
Chestnut Ridge derives significance from several sources. It represents a type of architecture which is now rare in Harford County: probably fewer than a dozen brick Federal-style houses survive in the county, and of these Chestnut Ridge is a particularly fine example, unusual for its Flemish bond facade with scored joints and for the quantity of original decorative trim that it retains. Other houses of this type in Harford County have generally been heavily restored; Chestnut Ridge escaped this face, and current restoration plans emphasize sensitivity and restraint. The 18th century frame portion of the house is also rare in the area. The house derives additional significance from its historical association with the Hoopman family, who were among the earliest and most influential settlers of the Aberdeen area.