MHT File Photo
Little Montgomery Street Historic District
Montgomery St., W. & Leadenhall St., Baltimore, Baltimore City
The Little Montgomery Street Historic District is a residential area located in South Baltimore a few blocks to the southwest of the Inner Harbor. It is composed of approximately 15 19th century brick houses, some of which are double, that line the 100-block of West Montgomery Street and the northwestern portion of the 800 block of Leadenhall Street. The district is located in the present Ward 22 of Baltimore City, and includes parts of Blocks 896, 902, and 903. Nine of the structures are "half houses" that are only one room deep with a single pitch roof. The north side of Montgomery Street is lined with four pairs of early 19th century semi-detached half houses. Located at the southeast corner of Leadenhall and Montgomery Streets are 109-113 West Montgomery. These three buildings are very similar in style and size but were built individually in the 1840s. The five buildings on the west side of Leadenhall Street were built individually in the mid 19th century, with the exception of 802-804, which was erected as a single house. One of these buildings, 800 Leadenhall, was built as a store and residence in 1855. Numbers 119, 121-123, 125-127, and 129 were all built in the late 19th century. The original storefront of #129 has been filled in but the metal dentiled cornice remains intact.
The Little Montgomery Street Historic District draws significance from two sources. First, as the earliest and only coherent remnant of the Sharp-Leadenhall neighborhood in South Baltimore, the Little Montgomery Street Historic District is associated with a working class urban community where, throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries Baltimore’s native poor, struggling German and Irish immigrants, and freed southern blacks lived side by side competing for the same space and the same railroad and port-related jobs. By the 1890s, the 24 blocks of Sharp-Leadenhall were a thriving residential-industrial community with three churches, three public schools, a police station, and dozens of major and minor manufactories. Secondly, the Little Montgomery Street Historic District also achieves significance through the collection of buildings which are examples of early and mid-19th century vernacular architecture in Baltimore. All the buildings are small in scale and of brick construction, abut the sidewalks, are closely spaced, and are generally two to three stories high with two-bay façades.