Jennifer K. Cosham
Buckeystown Historic District
Buckeystown, Frederick County
The Buckeystown Historic District consists of most of the unincorporated crossroads village of Buckeystown which is located in southern Frederick County about four miles south of the City of Frederick. The district includes approximately 75 buildings of which the majority are houses dating from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The houses are primarily of brick or frame construction and public and commercial buildings of brick or stone. Specifically, the influences of Queen Anne and Victorian styles predominate. The buildings are arranged along a gently winding and undulating road with most structures sitting near the roadway and surrounded by large deciduous trees. The residential structures of three adjoining farms are included as a historical and architectural continuum of the village.
Buckeystown has made a significant contribution to the historical, industrial, and architectural development and fabric of Frederick County. The town primarily embodies the distinctive characteristics of a late-19th century community highlighted by many of Frederick County's finest examples of Carpenter Gothic and Colonial Revival styles with a few earlier stone and brick residences which symbolize the initial 18th century development of the area. Beginning in the late 18th century and spanning the 19th century, Buckeystown grew as a center of industrial activity in Frederick County with a tannery, mills, and the close proximity to the agricultural production of Carrollton Manor and developing primarily through the efforts of the Baker family into a center for brick manufacturing and canning activity. However, the predominant character of the town is no longer industrial but quiet residential with little if any changes from the period of 1870-1910 when it grew to its present size by the construction of outstanding private residences, churches, and worker housing for cannery and brickyard workers, domestics, executives of the Baker business, and retired farmers.