Michael F. Dwyer
Hyattsville Historic District
Hyattsville, Prince Georges County
The Hyattsville Historic District is a residential neighborhood of contiguous groups of streetscapes and approximately 600 structures, primarily houses, that exhibit late-19th and early-20th century design characteristics. The majority of residential buildings are of frame construction, the older ones with foundations of brick or (rarely) fieldstone, the newer of concrete. Each era of the town, and a variety of architectural styles representing those eras, are in evidence; grand "mansions," summer cottages, duplexes, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Italianate, Bungalow, and Spanish styles are all represented, as well as numerous vernacular buildings. There is a pleasant continuity of front yard setbacks and mature trees, a rhythmic sequence of buildings and spaces, and a patchwork of quiet structures, original materials and detailing are everywhere in evidence. A number of outbuildings remain, including garages, sheds, and small barns. One house which appears on the 1873 map has been identified. The finest concentration of late-19th century structures occur in the area of Farragut/Gallatin/Hamilton and 42nd Avenue. The early-20th century hipped-roof style is found throughout the district. Bungalows with many variations on this 20th century small town theme are plentiful.
The Hyattsville Historic District is architecturally significant as a residential neighborhood exhibiting late 19th and early 20th century design characteristics both in its examples of the Italianate, Queen Anne, Carpenter Gothic, and Bungaloid styles and in the proliferation of its vernacular buildings which represent several periods of expansion of the community. As a town that developed primarily after the 1870s as a result of the convenience of transportation and communication between Washington and Baltimore, the residential area is also important historically for its association with typical patterns of suburban development in the early 20th century.