Photo credit: C. Engstrom , 08/1977

Property Name: Trumpington
Date Listed: 11/10/1980
Inventory No.: K-271
Location: Eastern Neck Island Road (MD 445), Rock Hall, Kent County

Description: Trumpington is located near the southern tip of Eastern Neck in western Kent County. The house looks out across a large salt marsh that stretches along the bay shore, with views of Eastern Neck Island, Kent Island, and the Western Shore. The main house is of Flemish bond brick construction five bays long, two rooms deep, and 2 1/2 stories high with a single flush chimney centered at each end of a pitched gable roof. The principal facade of the main house faces southwest, toward the water. The fenestration is symmetrical, with a broad center door flanked by two large 12/12 windows on each side, with five 12/12 windows ranged across the second floor. Cellar windows of 3/3 sash are located directly below each first floor window. Two wide gabled dormer windows each holding a pair of 6/6 sash windows have been added on this facade in the 20th century. The brickwork is laid in Flemish bond above a molded ovolo watertable and a Flemish bond foundation. The window openings have splayed jack arches while the door opening has a single-course rowlock segmental arch. A 1 1/2-story brick wing with small gable-roofed dormers extends from the northwest gable of the main house. A log plank meathouse lies to the northwest of the wing, and one 19th century granary survives among a scattered collection of farm buildings. Brick foundations of another early farm building have survived and are now incorporated into a 20th century implement shed. A small cemetery lies to the southeast of the main house. Also standing on the property a 20th century barn and mid-20th century frame cottage near the lake.

Significance: Trumpington is a late-18th century house which is significant for its architecture as a carefully preserved example of a large Georgian plan house type that was widely favored by wealthy landholders in the Tidewater in the latter half of the 18th century, and for its association with the Smythe family, which has owned and farmed this tract of land since the last quarter of the 17th century. The Smythe family was active both politically and economically in this region in the 18th and early 19th century, and the house at Trumpington can be viewed as a symbol of the family's prominence.




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