Pamela M. James
12591, Still Pond Road (MD 292), Still Pond, Kent County
Hebron is a two-story brick farmhouse probably constructed in the mid to late 18th century by John Corse or his brother Michael, members of a prominent Kent County Quaker family. The main house remains very much as it was originally built, a solid, simple, 2 1/2-story, central hall brick dwelling. The interior stair and woodwork show the same restraint as the exterior; the house is a testimony to careful, economical craftsmanship. Facing south, the house is four bays wide and one room deep. The gable roof has no dormers, and is now covered with tin and finished with a plain box cornice with simple crown and bed moldings. Eaves terminate in bargeboards which, like the cornice, appear to be early replacements. The brick of the house is light, dull orange in color with random glazed headers on all but the main facade. The brickwork is regular and careful, but in no way ornamental. As was commonly done, the front facade is laid in Flemish bond and the sides and rear in common (American) bond. Window openings are headed with a rowlock of king closers. Exterior chimneys are straight-sided, of equal width for their entire height. That on the east side of the house projects a single brick length. Simple caps are reconstructions. Windows and doors are evenly spaced on the front and rear facades, the main entrance (and formerly a rear entrance, now a window) located in the second bay from the west. Windows on both front and rear are 9/9 sash on the first floor and 9/6 on the second. The attic rooms are lit by two new small 1/1 sash windows in the gables. Additional windows are found on the rear elevation at the level of the stair landing, here a 6/6 sash is used, and in the basement in each window bay, front and rear. A tiny 6/6 sash window with panes set horizontally is situated north of the west end chimney on the first floor. Once part of a working plantation, the house was no doubt surrounded with outbuildings. Only an old well east of the house and a small, oak-framed barn, probably of the early 19th century, remain of the earlier outbuildings. Some newer barns stand to the northwest of the house.
Hebron is a good representation of Eastern Shore architecture in the period in which it was built, and of the simplicity and soundness of the rural buildings built by prosperous Quaker farmers. The interior is remarkably intact, retaining most original features, in particular the vertical beaded board partitions which often have been covered with plaster by the 20th century, and the large corner cupboard in the parlor. The Count Rumford fireplace in the dining room is of interest; a flue that is curved rather than straight makes this type very efficient, and often when chimneys with this type of flue are rebuilt, this design is lost, as in the parlor at Hebron.