Anthony O. James
20874, Hinchingham Lane, Rock Hall, Kent County
Situated directly on the shore of Chesapeake Bay, Hinchingham is a 2 1/2-story brick house with a 1 1/2-story brick wing to the north. The main block has two flush brick chimneys, a box cornice with identical bed and crown ogee moldings, 9/6 sash windows on the first floor, and 6/6 sash windows on the second floor and in the pedimented roof dormers. There are exterior blinds on the main block which appear to be replacements. The main and rear facades of the main block are laid in Flemish bond with Queen closers and have a molded brick watertable of English bond (which also runs along the south gable-end), gauged flat arches, and a three-brick belt course between the first and second floors. The gable walls are laid in English bond with some glazed headers. The 1 1/2-story wing has one brick chimney at the north end and a porch on both front and rear facades. The first floor windows are 6/6, as are the windows in the shed-roofed dormers. The brickwork in the wing is all English bond, with an unornamented watertable. The principal facade of the main block, which faces west, is five bays wide, with an eight panel door occupying the center bay. The wing is three bays in width, and there are three dormers on each section. A modern, one-story, screened porch extends across the entire front of the house. The south gable wall of the main block has two attic windows and a centered porch covering the cellar entrance. The date 1774 is set in glazed headers in the gable. Also on this elevation is the outline of the steeply pitched roof of a later addition, recorded as standing in 1934. The rear facade of the main block, facing east, is five bays across, with an eight-panel door in the center. The wing is three bays wide on this same elevation and has a door located in the south bay. The main block has three dormers, the wing has two. The north end of the main block has a six-panel door toward the northeast corner which opens into the east porch of the wing. In the gable are two small windows. The north end of the wing has a later door and two attic windows. The east porch of the wing is under the roof of the wing, while the west porch has a shed roof.
Hinchingham, a well-preserved, large brick house built in 1774, is similar to a number of other 18th century Kent County buildings, characterized by a two-story brick main block with a low kitchen wing on one side. Typically a room stood on either side of a central hall. In the gable end, the date was often picked out in glazed headers. These buildings are especially important because they are specifically dated, making them instrumental in dating other early buildings in Kent County. Hinchingham was built later than most of this type, and probably because of this, is larger and more elegant in appearance. Hinchngham is also similar in some respects to several other buildings in Kent County. The covered porch beneath the symmetrical roof of the kitchen wing resembles that of Springfield Farm and Thornton. On the interior, the living room paneling, a good example of the well-developed early Georgian style, is like that of Rich Hill in the upper county. The paneled fireplace walls in the other three first-floor rooms are also well-executed examples of the period and still in excellent condition.