Photo credit: Paul Baker Touart , 02/1985

Property Name: Kingston Hall
Date Listed: 12/31/1974
Inventory No.: S-63
Location: Old Westover Marion Road, Kingston, Somerset County

Description: Kingston Hall is a Georgian style dwelling of two stories plus an attic, three bays wide by two deep, connected by a one-story brick hyphen to a two-story-plus-loft brick kitchen wing. The central bay on the south side of the main block forms a projecting pavilion surmounted by a triangular pediment centered in which is a small oval window. The central doorway is framed by fluted pilasters and a triangular pediment supported by carved brackets at the corners in a 19th century style. The door has six octagonal panels. The cornice on the pediment has a row of block modillions above a Greek fret. The cornice trim along the roof and roof pediment is identical. The Flemish bond brickwork is painted white. Above each 6/6 sash window is a white wood trapezoidal panel scored to simulate stone. Windows on the main block have paneled shutters. Between the first and second stories is a three-row brick beltcourse, also in Flemish bond. The house has a brick watertable. Under the main block is a full cellar in Flemish bond brick with four rooms. The attic has two small rooms and a tiny chamber in the pediment. The old kitchen wing is two bays wide and one room deep. The walls are brick laid in common bond, four rows of stretcher to one of headers or Flemish bond. There is a two-row belt course between the first and second stories and a simple box cornice along the gable roof. There is an exterior chimney on the west end and two small 2/2 light windows in the gable. Kingston Hall has a four-room plan. The stair hall, in the southeast corner, has a paneled wainscot and paneled stair soffit. The graceful stairway has thin block-and-turned balusters, three per tread, and scrolled step ends. An interesting feature on the property is the brick, circular ice house. Laid in five-course common bond, this ice house has a low wall and high conical roof topped with a wood finial.

Significance: Kingston Hall is an interesting, small late-18th century house which presents an interesting combination of styles. It has a simple but sophisticated exterior and interior Georgian period detailing. The structure represents an interesting combination of traditional construction with Georgian detailing. The room arrangement with its corner fireplaces and corner hall reflects the traditional plan common to the early decades of the century. Its exterior detail, particularly the cornice, window treatment, and the projecting pedimented pavilion with the circular gable window is usually associated with the mid-Georgian style. The mantels in the northwest and southwest rooms and the woodwork in the stair hall (southeast room) represents transitional style from late Georgian into Federal. Perhaps the most important architectural element is the icehouse--one of the few known circular dependencies in Maryland. Its preservation is important to the study of domestic dependencies as a part of our material culture. The two-story 18th century kitchen is a second important dependency at Kingston Hall.




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