Linthicum Heights Historic District
Linthicum Heights, Anne Arundel County
The Linthicum Heights Historic District is a suburban community radiating from the intersection of Camp Meade Road (MD 170) and Maple Road, and situated on a series of low hills about three miles south of the Patapsco River in Anne Arundel County. Platted beginning in 1908, the subdivision includes 17 tree-shaded streets created as a planned suburb on the rail lines connecting Baltimore, Annapolis, and Washington. The district is almost entirely residential, consisting of 254 contributing resources, although two churches, a cemetery, and a former commercial/residential building are within the district boundary. The dwellings range in date from the late 19th century through the present, with the majority constructed prior to 1939. The resources within the historic district reflect a variety of building forms and stylistic influences of the period, including houses derived from vernacular gable-front and popular early-20th century forms and styles including the Bungalow, American Foursquare, Colonial Revival, Dutch Revival, and Tudor Revival. Most of the early houses in the district exhibit the influence of the Arts and Crafts Movement in their picturesque siting and stylistic characteristics. Development was substantially completed by the late 1930s; infill construction has continued since that time, owing, in part to WWII and the district's proximity to Ft. George Meade and present-day interstates, however the district has retained its early-20th century suburban character.
Linthicum Heights is significant for its association with the suburbanization of Anne Arundel County at the turn of the 20th century. Suburbanization represents one of the defining themes in the history of northern Anne Arundel County--the transition from its historically agrarian economic base--and the cultural and political influences upon it from its close proximity to Baltimore City and the state's capital, Annapolis. Just before the turn of the 20th century, rail transportation connecting downtown Baltimore, Annapolis, and Washington with outlying areas made possible the development of suburban communities. The Linthicum Heights Historic District is directly associated with the suburbanization of former rural spaces in Anne Arundel County and the way in which it was developed serves as an exceptional historical and cultural example of early suburban railroad community marketing. The district derives additional significance for its architecture as an example of a type of suburb which characterized the region in the period, comprising a cohesive collection of residential buildings which exemplify popular tastes in domestic architecture prior to World War II. The influence of the Arts and Crafts movement and the district's semi-rural atmosphere inspired the use of rustic materials such as stucco, rough stone, and wood shingles in the earliest houses; several shingled gable-front houses exemplify the transition from farming to suburban community and remain as a testament to that Agrarian history. Other early-20th century house types represented in the district include the American Foursquare, Bungalows and vernacular gabled forms, and various Revival styles: Colonial, Dutch Colonial, and Tudor. The period of significance for Linthicum Heights Historic District extends from 1908, when the suburb was first platted, through 1939, by which date its development was substantially completed. The 1924 and 1933 Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps have been used to establish development patterns in the district. Properties were developed after that date, the result of infill development in response to housing needs brought onto the community due to its proximity to an international airport and the Baltimore/Washington business corridor.