Greene Street Historic District
Greene Street, Cumberland, Allegany County
The Greene Street Historic District is a 7-acre linear historic district along both sides of Greene Street on the west side of Cumberland. The topography of the district rises sharply along the northern boundary, where a steep hill leads to the area of the Allegany County Court House and Washington Street, east of the Greene Street Historic District. South of the district is the elevated National Freeway and Willis Creek. Greene Street itself rises gently from east to west. The district extends from a point near the intersection of Greene Street and Spruce Alley eastward to the area adjacent to Riverside Park, and contains 45 buildings, 37 of which are residential and 8 of which exhibit commercial design characteristics. Forty-four (98%) are of brick construction and one is built of wood. Two buildings are stuccoed and two are clad in artificial stone. One building's façade has been altered with the application of a brick and artificial stone veneer, but its historic brick side walls and its original pattern of fenestration are intact. Most properties are two stories in height, with lateral or front-facing gable roofs. A few properties have shed roofs which slope from front to rear. Fenestration throughout the district employs double-hung sash units, generally set in flat-topped or segmental-arched openings characteristic of the Federal, Greek Revival, and Italianate styles of architecture which typify the district. Buildings of Italianate derivation exhibit cornices of wood, metal, and/or brick. The earliest buildings in the district are built in the Federal style, chronologically followed by buildings erected in the Greek Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne, and Colonial Revival styles, along with vernacular adaptations of each. Of the 45 buildings in the district, 22% predate the Civil War, 40% were erected between the late 1860s and 1900, and the remaining 38% date from the first three decades of the 20th century.
The Greene Street Historic District is significant for its architecture, as a historic 19th and early-20th century residential neighborhood containing locally distinctive examples of many of the styles of architecture popular within the City of Cumberland during years between the second decade of the 19th century and the first three decades of the 20th century. The period of significance for the Greene Street Historic District begins c. 1820, the date of construction of the earliest of the district's resources, and runs through c. 1930, corresponding to the date of its most recently constructed resource. The district retains integrity in its physical qualities, associative values, design features, and specific aspects of construction which date from its period of significance.