Ronald L. Andrews
Early Frame House
National Pike (US 40), Cumberland, Allegany County
This Early Frame House sits on the slope of a hill several feet above the National Pike. It is a mid-19th century frame structure of 2 1/2 stories with a tin-covered gable roof. It has five bays along the principal facade and brick internal end chimneys. The house is covered with beaded clapboards and has Victorian scroll brackets supporting the wide roof overhang. The principal windows are double-hung wooden sash with 6/6 lights with flat board framing with scalloped upper corners. The 8-panel front door and the one window to each side are covered by a one-story porch with a shed roof, four columns, and two pilasters. The interior has an architrave trim about three inches wide. The two rooms to the west of the center hall have been combined and paneled.
The early frame house on U.S. Route 40 was also used as a tavern. It is a mid-19th century period frame building somewhat altered to suit the styles and tastes of later periods. There were once dozens of inns and taverns along the National Road and the Baltimore Pike. Today, with the greatly lessened travel along these roads, few of these remain. The Early Frame House is one of eleven Maryland Inns on the National Road that have been listed on the National Register. These eleven buildings in Allegany and Garrett Counties, many of them still serving their original function, stand as the physical remains of the almost legendary hospitality offered on this well-traveled route to the west.