Orlando Ridout V
Jackson Collins House
201, South Commerce Street, Centreville, Queen Annes County
The Jackson Collins House was constructed of pressed brick laid in common bond, and stands 2 1/2 stories in height and three bays in width, with a full-height ell extending to the rear. The hipped roof, originally clad in slate, is now covered in asphalt shingles. The entrance is located in the central bay of the east façade, comprising a paneled door flanked by sidelights and surmounted by a transom. The entrance bay breaks forward and rises to become a tower. The uppermost stage of the tower is lighted by a semicircular-arched 2/2 window, and is capped with a pyramidal roof above a bracketed cornice. The flanking bays, which also break slightly forward of the façade plane, hold large paired 1/1 windows on the ground floor, with 2/2 windows above, and dormers above small brick panels at the attic level. A porch spans the façade, supported on Tuscan columns. Windows throughout are set in segmental-arched openings and fitted with original louvered shutters. A two-story polygonal bay appears at the south end of the main block. A two-story frame porch is located on the south elevation of the ell. The interior is organized in a single-pile, center-passage plan. Along the southern wall of the broad passage rises a gentle stair which features decorated step-ends, turned balusters, and an ornate Italianate newel with an original gas lamp. The parlor, located to the south of the passage, features an original marbleized slate mantel. The front room to the north has a white marble mantel. The dining room is located in the ell behind the north room, with the kitchen and back stair located beyond it. Interior decorative detailing remains virtually intact throughout the house, including doors and hardware, complex molded architrave trim and baseboards.
The Jackson Collins House is significant as one of the finest examples of residential architecture of the Victorian period in Queen Anne's County. Built in 1887-87, the building exemplifies the eclecticism of the period. Its irregular massing, multiple roof forms, and ornate brickwork are associated with the Queen Anne style, while other exterior and interior decorative features reflect Italianate influence. Its basic form and plan, however, are clearly related to the traditional vernacular architecture of the Eastern Shore region.