MHT File Photo
70, Church Street (MD 231) & Grays Inn Court (off 231), Prince Frederick, Calvert County
Linden is a two-story frame house, conservatively Italianate in style, L-shaped when first built c. 1868, with conservative Colonial Revival additions of c. 1907 blending with the original, filling in the L, and adding a one-story porch with Tuscan columns and balustrade across the southeast or principal front. The foundation is of rubble fieldstone. The walls are finished with weatherboards. The low-pitched multi-gabled roof is covered with tin shingles. The interior brick chimneys are finished with corbeling and pointed-arched caps of brick over individual flues. A rear or kitchen wing was 1 1/2 stories in height, raised in the 20th century to two stories, and has a cellar beneath it. Original eave cornices of the kitchen wing are outlined on the weatherboards of the main house. A shed-roofed utilitarian porch of almost impermanent construction extends across the rear or northwest side of the kitchen wing, sheltering the back door at the kitchen's north corner. A northeasterly enclosed extension of the back porch is a pantry, finished with German siding. Windows on this rear gable end of the house are narrow with 4/4 sash. The lowermost weatherboard of the house is canted out to suggest a watertable. Cornerboards terminate the plain weatherboards at each corner. One at the original south corner marks the joint between the original house and its c. 1907 addition. The wide eave and raking cornices project uniformly, void of ornament save a cyma recta crown molding. Windows, counterbalanced and double hung, are tall, 9/1 on the front facade and 6/6 most everywhere else, to emphasize the vertical and they are fitted with louvered blinds on cast-iron hinges. The front entrance centered in its principal southeast front is in a wall added with the addition of c. 1907, but its materials appear to date from the original construction of the house. The four-panel door is flanked by sidelights having sliding sashes and a transom is between them above the door. A silver-plated knob and escutcheon remain in the jamb for a missing mechanical-action doorbell. Within, a central stair hall is flanked by two rooms on either side. Nearly all original details remain in place, with only slight differences between the originals and those of the addition. Behind the house are 10 standing outbuildings, 7 dating to the 19th century, some or all approximately contemporary with the original house. Three of these 7 structures are of log construction.
The significance of Linden is twofold. The property is significant for its association with three families of great importance to Prince Frederick, and thusly to Calvert County, all three heads of those families being lawyers. It is also significant as the sole surviving house of its period in Prince Frederick and Calvert County with identifiable architectural style. It retains virtually all of its historic fabric from its two major periods of construction, with a significant inventory of its outbuildings.