Jennifer K. Cosham
200, W. Locust Street (Bucher John Road), Union Bridge, Carroll County
Mount Pleasant, the Clemson Family Farm, is located at 200 West Locust street just south of the town of Union Bridge in west-central Carroll County, Maryland. The house faces south and is a five-bay by two-bay, 2 1/2-story brick structure with a gable roof that has an east-west ridge. On the east end of the house is a shorter two-bay brick wing that is three bays by two bays and is set back from the front of the house by about 8 feet. The wing has a gable roof with an east-west ridge. The south elevation of the main block has Flemish bond brick and a center entrance flanked by fluted columns, with leaded-glass sidelights and an elliptically arched fanlight, with a one-bay portico with three columns at each corner and one column on either side of the door. On either side of the center entrance are two 6/6 double hung sash windows. On the roof are three dormers with semicircular-arched 6/1 sash with colored glass in the top sash. The south elevation of the wing has a two-story porch with Tuscan columns and the porch wraps around on the east. The property contains several outbuildings, including a brick wash house, a hewn mortised-and-tennoned-and pegged timber-braced frame wagon shed flanked by corn cribs, and various other sheds and outbuildings.
Mount Pleasant is significant for its association with the early Quaker settlement of Carroll County. It was the home farm of the Farquhar family, prominent Quakers who were primarily responsible for the establishment of the Pipe Creek Settlement, perhaps the first such community in Carroll County. the evolution of Mount Pleasant illustrates aspects of Quaker acculturation into the dominant society during the period from the mid-18th century through the early 19th century. In its early years, Pipe Creek Settlement was isolated from outside influence, but by the late 18th and early 19th centuries much of the region was settled, and young sons like William Poultney Farquhar returned to build a large and stylish brick farmhouse, clearly indicating a rejection of traditional Quaker strictures. Shortly afterward, Farquhar sold Mount Pleasant to the Clemson family. The property derives additional significance as an excellent representative example of a small family farmstead of the region in the period, which has retained integrity--including the majority of its original acreage--and remained in its original agricultural use to the present. Throughout its history, the property witnessed slavery and the Civil War, industrialization and the mechanization of agriculture, and the rise of railroads in America.