Jennifer K. Cosham
5809, Manor Woods Road, Frederick, Frederick County
Carrollton Manor, also known as Tuscarora, dates from c. 1820 and displays a blend of regional vernacular traditions and high style features reflecting the influence of the Federal style. The building is constructed of native limestone laid in unusually narrow and uniform courses. It is a 2 1/2-story, 3-bay dwelling with a central entrance on the north elevation, enframed by 4-light sidelights and a 3-light transom. There is an entrance porch with a delicately proportioned temple-form front, supported by square posts, with a low balustrade. Fenestration at the front elevation is symmetrical, with 6/6 sash windows with splayed stone lintels. The west gable end features a single 6/6 sash window on the second floor and a pair of narrow 4/4 sash windows in the attic gable. Unusually, these windows are in the center bay, between the two interior brick chimneys on this end. On the east gable end, a single interior chimney rises from the south roof slope, with a pair of 6/6 sash windows on the second floor and a pair of narrow 4/4 sash windows in the attic gable, also all in the center bay. The first floor of this elevation is covered by a one-story hip roofed stone addition, one bay wide, to which is attached a shed-roofed partially-enclosed porch on its east side. An unusual feature is the pair of jib doors in the rear wall; these were intended to open onto a porch which apparently never was built. The interior is organized in a four-room plan round a short entry hall; this plan is seldom encountered in rural contexts in the period but is reminiscent of high-style urban houses in Baltimore or Annapolis. The interior is characterized by finely executed decorative detailing reflecting the Neoclassical influence of the period, including stair, mantels, doors, architraves, chairrail, and baseboard trim. Also on the property are agricultural outbuildings reflecting the historic use of the property, including a bank barn with forebay and a drive-through wagon shed and corn crib.
Carrollton Manor is significant for its architecture, reflecting a distinctive vernacular interpretation of the Neoclassical architecture of the Federal period. Specifically, the house is a hybrid blend of regional vernacular traditions typical of north-central Maryland in the period, with high-style characteristics of plan and detailing which reflect the urbane sophistication of the Carroll family. The house was built on the property of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, longest living signer of the Declaration of Independence, presumably for his granddaughter Mariana Caton and her husband Robert Patterson, and apparently served as a retreat from which Carroll could oversee the operation of his 12,000-acre estate in southern Frederick County. The property had been in agricultural use continuously since its construction.