Photo credit: William Bushong , 04/1996

Property Name: Edward Beale House
Date Listed: 8/16/1996
Inventory No.: M: 25-22
Location: 11011, Glen Road, Potomac, Montgomery County

Description: Facing west on a knoll above the Piney Branch, the Edward Beale House is a Colonial Revival residence built in 1938, and designed to look like a Pennsylvania farmhouse that has evolved over centuries. The Beale House has a modified telescope form composed of stone and frame sections covered with side-gable slate shingle roofs. The 2 1/2-story four-bay-wide stone main block has asymmetrical fenestration and a one-bay entry porch covering the door in the second bay from the north. The porch has a gable-front roof and slender turned posts. The northernmost bay contains a single window between the first and second floors, of 6/12 sash. The two bays to the south of the door are 9/9, all with paneled shutters. The three second floor windows are 6/9 with louvered shutters. For the most part, windows on the frame wings to the north and south are 6/6 with louvered shutters. All windows on the main block have stone keystone lintels and wooden sills. A wide fascia board extends under the eaves on the front and rear facades. The roof is punctuated by three gable-roofed 6/6 sash dormers on each slope. A flush stone chimney stands at the south gable end. The on the north end of the roof's east slope stands an exterior stone chimney. To the south end of the main block stands a 1 1/2-story frame library wing, with a stone gable end on the south, and weatherboarded walls on the east and west sides. The west elevation of this wing holds a single 9/9 sash window with paneled shutters. The south gable end contains a similar window. The east facade of the wing is covered by an enclosed porch with a shed roof. The south elevation of the main block contains a single 6/9 sash window with louvered shutters in the east bay of the second floor, above the enclosed porch. Small 6-light casement windows flank the chimney in the attic gable. The east elevation of the main block is also four bays wide. The northernmost two bays of the first floor are filled with two single-pane French doors flanked by matching vertical door-sized windows. Remaining windows on this elevation are 9/9 on the first floor and 6/9 above, all with louvered shutters. To the north end of the main block is attached a shorter 2 1/2-story frame kitchen wing, two bays wide and two deep. To the north end of this, projecting out by one bay to the west, is a 1 1/2-story frame garage with three gable-roofed 6/6 sash dormer windows on the west slope. The garage is four bays wide, with three garage bays to the north and a single entrance bay to the south, comprised of an arched entryway leading through to the kitchen wing. To the north of the garage is yet another one-story wing, a one-bay-wide pump house. The east elevation of the kitchen wing consists of an entrance/door combination in the south bay, sheltered by a simple hood. Windows in the adjacent bay are paired 6/6 sash. The garage section has 6/9 sash windows on the first level and wall dormers with 6/6 sash windows on the second level. A single glazed and paneled door is located on the pump house section. The interior of the house reflects the Colonial Revival style in woodwork, mantels, moldings, an paneled cabinets.

Significance: The Edward Beale House is significant as a local representative of Colonial Revival estate architecture built during the Depression years of the 1930s. The house is one of only two known extant estate residences that represent this type and period of design in Montgomery County. Designed and built in 1938 by Delaware architects Pope and Kruse, the residence romantically idealizes the colonial past and exemplifies American Colonial Revival design of this period. The designers purposely used early American historic buildings as sources for "correct" classical principles and simplicity of proportions to create a "simple" and "honest" domestic architecture that was sensible, patriotic, and modest.




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