Paul Baker Touart
Littleton T. Clarke House
407, Second Street (MD 371), Pocomoke City, Worcester County
The Littleton T. Clarke House is a 2 1/2 story mansard roofed frame dwelling constructed c. 1860. The building has a center-passage, single-pile plan, with a service wing at the rear. It stands on a brick foundation and is sheathed with weatherboards. The building features exuberant exterior detailing in the Second Empire style. The predominant feature is the concave-curved mansard roof, covered in patterned slate, with multiple dormers and a prominent central tower; eaves are bracketed, and elements of metal roof cresting survive. The main block is three bays wide and two deep. Most first and second floor windows have 1/1 sash. The north facade is spanned by a porch with decorative chamfered posts and elaborate brackets and drops. A similar porch on the west elevation of the rear wing is surmounted by iron cresting. Paneled pilasters mark the corners of the facade. The central entrance on the north facade, with sidelights and transom, is flanked by 2/2 sash windows. The second floor center bay projects slightly from the facade, and holds a pair of Queen Anne windows, with colored multiple lights over a single pane. The third floor of this bay consists of a tapering square tower, rising above the level of the main roof. The front of the tower contains a steeply gable-roofed dormer with a pointed-arched 2/2 sash window. Other dormers on the main block are wider, with shallower gables, and contain pairs of 2/2 sash windows. Dormers on the rear wing are shed-roofed and contain single 2/2 sash windows. A bracketed cornice surmounts the mansard roof. The west end of the house has a polygonal bay window across its first story, which contains Queen Anne windows of multi-paned colored glass over one or two lights. This bay window is also surmounted by iron cresting, which is supported by a bracketed cornice. Interior chimneys pierce the roof of the main block and the rear wing. The interior retains the majority of its original finishes and decorative detailing; the decorative treatment of the interior is less elaborate than that of the exterior, and comprises woodwork typical of the period in the region.
The Littleton T. Clarke House is significant for its architecture, as the most expressive and well-preserved example of the Second Empire style of domestic architecture surviving in Worcester County. The house retains character defining features of the Second Empire style in its concave-curved mansard roof with a central tower and multiple dormers, metal roof cresting, patterned slate, bracketed eaves, paneled corner pilasters, decorated porches, and bay window. It also retains the majority of its original interior finishes and decorative detailing.