Lutherville Historic District
Lutherville-Timonium, Baltimore County
Lutherville Historic District is an irregularly shaped urban entity north of the Baltimore Beltway (I-695), west of York Road (MD 45), south of Ridgely Road, and east of Riderwood-Lutherville Drive. Founded in 1852, Lutherville began as a mid-19th century summer resort and suburb of Baltimore City. Single-family dwellings on large lots characterize the community, and tree-lined streets, laid out in a grid pattern, still lend it a quiet, rural atmosphere. Most of the structures predate World War I, although ranch-type and "colonial" houses have appeared in the past few decades. The new construction, so far, has not altered or infringed upon the 19th-century character of the district. Just east of the western boundary of Lutherville run the tracks of the Pennsylvania Railroad, now used as a Light Rail line. The completion of the railroad from Baltimore north to Lutherville in the mid-1850s spurred development of the area by providing easy access to the city. Eighty structures of architectural merit stand in Lutherville. Most of these are houses, but there are a few churches and a stone railroad station.
Lutherville, Maryland is a 19th century residential community that has retained its original character while growing at a moderate pace. The village still conveys the rural atmosphere of its original plan as seen in its large lots and tree-shaded streets. Architecturally, Lutherville aptly expresses the rationale for an historic district: a geographical entity comprised of structures that individually have limited architectural merit but express a unity of scale and urban design when viewed ensemble. The village contains examples of the dominant domestic American architectural styles. The Gothic Revival in the tradition of Andrew Jackson Downing and Calvert Vaux is represented in several dwellings. Other styles include the octagon mode, the Second Empire Revival with its characteristic Mansard roof, Shingle Style, the Queen Anne style, and the Georgian Revival. The genre architecture of the 20th century is present in several bungaloid style houses, as well. The village was founded in 1852 by two Lutheran clergymen, Dr. John Gottlieb Morris and Dr. Benjamin Kurtz, and a Lutheran layman, Charles Augustus Morris. The founders laid out the streets, which were named for Lutheran clergymen, in a grid pattern that radiated from the lot set aside for the Lutheran Church. Dr. Morris planned the village as a residential setting for the Lutherville Female Seminary, a women’s college, which he founded in 1853, The college was financed by the sale of the 118 lots in Lutherville. Thomas Dixon, one of the most outstanding mid-19th century Baltimore County architects, designed two of the major buildings in Lutherville: the railroad station (1856) and the Lutherville Female Seminary (1853).