William D. Morgan
Manor School Road, Chaptico, Saint Marys County
The two-story brick central block of Bachelor's Hope has a jerkinhead roof, and contains one large ground-floor room. Flanking the building at each side are one-story, two-room brick wings with single-hip roofs. The principal facade (south) of the central block has a one-story inset loggia with tapered columns and a frieze decorated with rosettes and triglyphs. The interior walls of the portico and the round columns are plastered and painted white with Spanish brown trim. Between the columns there is an arched fascia with applied keystone. A large rectangular brownstone step leads onto the brick porch. The central bay has paneled double doors. A door on each end of the portico gives access to the south rooms. The main stair, ascended from the east wing, has part of its underside and south wall exposed within the loggia as it passes over the facade wall at first floor level. An originally detached 1 1/2-story frame kitchen was later joined to the east side of the main house by a one-story frame hyphen. Flemish bond is used on the north and south facades, the south facade having glazed headers laid in a regular pattern; English bond is used elsewhere. A quarter-round molded watertable extends around the outside wall of the house. Jack arches above the 9/9 sash windows make use of alternate glazed headers. Closers are not found with any uniformity. One large exterior chimney is located at each side of the jerkinhead roof of the main block. The floor plan of Bachelor's Hope is unusual. The central block has a portico and great hall. The one-story west wing has two rooms, each with a corner fireplace. The one-story east wing has two rooms, each with a fireplace on the west wall. Between the southeast room and the portico the steep staircase ascends on the exterior to two oddly shaped bedrooms and one bath. The west wall of the "Great" hall is paneled fully to the ceiling with raised panels, and arched cabinets flank the fireplace. The bolection chair rail is original, but the paneled mantel and dado were installed in the late 20th century. Both of the west rooms have paneled over-mantels, the north room with an ogee scalloped trim above the fireplace opening. The east rooms have Federal mantels.
The architectural design of Bachelor's Hope is unparalleled in Maryland. No other known 18th century structure in the state exists with a similar combination of plan, facade, and component features. Bohemia, Cecil County, has a comparable plan; Tudor Hall, St. Mary's County, has a similar loggia-style facade; but only Bachelor's Hope has all the component parts of the others as well as a center "Great Hall" plan with a one-story wing on each end of the two-story central block. Bachelor's Hope is not the product of additions or alterations and the brick section remains in its original state. Bachelor's Hope is unlike most houses in Maryland which have a two-story central block with a one-story, hip-roof wing on each side. The south facade is further distinguished by an inset portico on the first story of the main block.