Stephen G. Del Sordo
200, High Street, Cambridge, Dorchester County
The Goldsborough House is a c. 1790s 2 1/2-story painted brick Federal-style house with a five-bay symmetrical facade. Front and rear facades have a molded wood cornice. The building is surrounded by a brick watertable, and a corbeled flush chimney rises from either gable end. Windows are 9/6 sash with stone flat arches with keystones, and louvered shutters. The central entrance, facing northwest onto High Street, is sheltered by a one-story, one-bay flat-roofed Ionic columned entrance portico. The entrance has a round fanlight with swag tracery. The only openings in the southwest gable end are two 6/6 sash windows in the attic gable, flanking the chimney. The northeast gable end has identical windows in the gable, but also a 9/6 sash window on each floor of the right bay. The two right bays of the southeast facade are covered by a later-period shorter 2 1/2-story service wing with a massive flush chimney flanked by small 4-light attic windows at its southeast gable end. The remaining bays of the main block consist of similar fenestration to the front, but a two-story porch on the southwest facade of the wing shortens the second-story center window, and a second-story door leads to the main block from the porch. Three gable-roofed 6/6 sash dormer windows project from the southeast slope of the roof. These are not symmetrically placed. The rear wing is four bays in length on the southwest facade, opening onto the two-story porch, but only two bays show on the northeast facade, which is flush with the northeast gable end of the main block, facing an alley. A small one-story frame addition covers the first floor of the southeast gable end of the wing. The interior of the main block consists of a central hall with flanking rooms, architrave moldings, plaster cornice moldings, and a mantel with punch and gouge work in the west room. Victorian ceiling medallions and mantels were inserted into some rooms in the late 19th century. Two 20th century ancillary buildings also stand on the property.
The Goldsborough House is significant for it embodies the distinctive characteristics of the Federal style popular in Maryland in the close of the 18th century, particularly on the Eastern Shore but of which few examples stand in Dorchester County. The Goldsborough House is the only example remaining in Cambridge, the county seat. Important features which generally characterize these buildings are the brick construction, watertable, wooden exterior cornice, service wing, and architrave interior trim.